If there is anything requires accuracy more than anything is else is the biological testing specimen. The specimen should be properly collected, labeled, processed and stored during and after the testing.
The microbiological tests are not the same as any other lab test. The outcome of the tests is entirely as a result of the state of the sample. The way the specimen is handled will have a significant impact on the way the patient is treated, the reliability of the lab and the hospital. The results are the ones that will determine how fast will the patient heal, how much will the patient spend and how effective the hospital is to the patients. When specimen is collected with some error, that will significantly affect the results. That will mean a repeat of the exercise, and that is both costly and time wasting.
To reduce the errors; documents need to be signed before the specimen are collected from the patient to show the right procedure is followed. The specimen is then handed over to the lab with a form with all the details. That is a way of reducing the risks involved as well as making sure the results interpreted in the right way. For errors to be reduced, certain information must be in the form like, the name of the patient, the date of birth, type and reason of the specimen, date, time and the place where the specimen was collected.
Hands should be washed at the time the specimen is taken, even after, You should never put the specimen in a non-sterilized containers. The containers with the specimen should not be left open as they can either spoil the content or get polluted. After collection the specimen is supposed to be stored in a transparent container. The microbiological tests are necessary before administering antibiotics or antiseptics.
Everyone should know how to treat the specimens of tests carried out for infectious diseases. Certain policies are supposed to be set to govern the operation of the labs. The procedure manual is a must support for the laboratories. Specimens are supposed to be taken before any antibiotics are administered to the patients. for the results to be reliable there must be no confusion of specimens and no interference by any impurity or substance of any kind. The specimen is supposed to be taken to the lab as soon as it is taken if any results are to be relied upon. You should avoid taking the specimen in a place where there is noise. If the patient is to be assisted, the results from the lab should be as accurate as possible. All those who are dealing with sample should be extra careful because any slight error affects somebody’s life.